XCP-ng host restarts at random intervals
So I suppose there's no trace at all in
xl dmesg(and their corresponding log files).
edit: at this point, I would run memtest on that machine to be sure.
@olivierlambert Sadly, nothing showing but the restart. I'll run Memtest. I think I did this at some point but I don't have a record of doing it and it's not a bad idea anyway.
I was able to run Memtest for 86 hours, completed 9 passes and had no memory errors.
Maybe I'm approaching this incorrectly. I've been assuming there is a problem in dom0 since the kernel is starting without any indication as to why. What could be telling the kernel to restart? The hardware never restarts and since dom0 restarts in a very short period of time (seconds, from best I can tell), the hypervisor seems to keep running.
I have a very limited knowledge of this stack so I know I could be completely wrong.
Hmm interesting. Have you took a look on Xen side of things in terms of logs?
I was wrong about the hypervisor, it is restarting. I confused myself and didn't make the connection.
/var/log/xen/hypervisor.log...I see an entry
Logfile Openedwith the timestamp of when the log rotates then I see another
Logfile Openedat the timestamp that the hypervisor restarts, followed by the Xen log data during boot.
So I guess I need to be thinking about why the hypervisor is restarting. Now I'm questioning if the hardware is restarting. I have not seen a hardware restart in the IPMI data and the recovery time seemed too short for a hardware restart HOWEVER the lack of evidence is not evidence itself so I think my next move will be to monitor the hardware in a way that I can confirm or deny a hardware restart.
Thanks for your help @olivierlambert . It may be a couple of months before this happens again but I'll report back what I find once it happens.
@olivierlambert I have been able to confirm this is a hardware reboot. Since I've been working this issue for a year and the restarts were so rare, at some point I convinced myself that the hardware was not restarting even thought my monitoring and logging was telling me otherwise.
Thanks for your help in guiding me to reconsider what I thought I already knew. Thankfully the restarts have become more frequent and I have had 3 reboots in 10 days. That frequency has allowed me to catch what was really happening.
Ah "great" news then Is there anything else we can do to help?
@olivierlambert Just tell people to stick with HP hardware This problem server is a SuperMicro system board and it's the second of the same model of which I've had a hardware problem. The other board stopped working completely so it was a different failure mode. Once I obsolete this hardware, I will have no more SuperMicro boards in production.
I'm not entirely surprised (we tell people to use Dell or HPE). Sometimes there's a bit of lottery for Supermicro, but we also know hosting companies using SM at scale without problem…
Since I last posted on this topic, I've found that the random reboots only occur when there are Windows Server VMs on the host (Tested with 2019 and 2022). The issue will not occur when running Linux VMs.
My issue seems very similar to the problem described (and solved) in https://xcp-ng.org/forum/topic/6683/windows-server-2019-sporadic-reboot/7
The difference is that in my case, the host restarted and in the other post, the poster reports that the VMs are restarting. Since the poster also tested RAM and found no problems but was able to solve the issue by replacing a suspected DIMM, that information may be useful in the host reboot scenario that I experience.
FYI, I have not replaced the RAM yet and may not actually do it since the server in question is aging and will likely be replaced (with HP hardware) soon.
Thanks for keeping us posted
Are all VMs on this host belongs to you and you certainly know what processes running on them?
I had same issue with Dell R630.
The solution was to update to latest BIOS.
I think that some clients ran some software that triggered some bug and host rebooted.
XCP-ng security updates does not helped.
In my case only BIOS update fixed suddenly crushes.
So the work around will be to move VMs one by one to another host and check if it will solve the problem.
@splastunov Yes, all VMs are for in-house use and all were built by me personally.
I have previously followed the same steps that you followed in your case. I updated the BIOS on the host server and moved VMs one by one.
Moving VMs one by one is how I eventually found that I only had the problem when a Windows Server VM was on the host. When I had this problem occur with a fresh Windows Server 2022 VM which had no applications installed, I started to suspect that it was related to Windows. I was then able to confirm that this only occurred with Windows VMs.
Thanks for the info. I think these are great steps toward finding the problem.
/var/crashfolder might also being interesting (Dom0.log and Xen log to see who is triggering the crash)
I believe I have the definitive cause for this 'random host reboot' issue.
After 6 months of problem-free operation, I have experienced the host reboot issue again on this server. The host was running only Linux VMs, so the theory of Windows VMs on the host contributing to the reboot issue has proven false. As with each time before, there are no indications in any relevant log files that the host is going to reboot. I think at this point I can definitively say that the reboot is caused by a faulty SuperMicro motherboard.
I've learned my lesson: use HPE servers! This SuperMicro system will be melted down for scrap.
Thanks for the feedback
Well, at least keep us posted if you have the same issue with another hardware, we'll be happy to help
Now, I have the same problem on 4 servers. Machines reset every few hours!!! Please HELP.
The machines have been running stably since:
reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Wed Dec 28 12:30 - 05:50 (217+16:19)
Since then, the following patches have been installed but not restarted:
May 16 09:07:40 Updated: xen-libs-4.13.5-9.30.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 16 09:07:41 Updated: guest-templates-json-1.9.6-1.2.xcpng8.2.noarch May 16 09:07:41 Updated: xcp-ng-release-presets-8.2.1-6.x86_64 May 16 09:07:41 Updated: xen-hypervisor-4.13.5-9.30.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 16 09:07:42 Updated: xen-dom0-libs-4.13.5-9.30.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 16 09:07:43 Updated: xen-tools-4.13.5-9.30.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 16 09:07:44 Updated: xen-dom0-tools-4.13.5-9.30.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 16 09:07:48 Updated: xcp-ng-release-config-8.2.1-6.x86_64 May 16 09:07:49 Updated: xcp-ng-release-8.2.1-6.x86_64 May 16 09:07:49 Updated: guest-templates-json-data-other-1.9.6-1.2.xcpng8.2.noarch May 16 09:07:50 Updated: guest-templates-json-data-linux-1.9.6-1.2.xcpng8.2.noarch May 16 09:07:50 Updated: guest-templates-json-data-windows-1.9.6-1.2.xcpng8.2.noarch May 16 09:07:51 Updated: sudo-1.8.23-10.el7_9.3.x86_64 May 16 09:08:01 Updated: linux-firmware-20190314-5.1.xcpng8.2.noarch May 16 09:08:03 Updated: 2:microcode_ctl-2.1-26.xs23.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:47 Updated: xen-libs-4.13.5-9.31.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:48 Updated: xcp-ng-release-presets-8.2.1-9.x86_64 May 29 06:57:49 Updated: message-switch-1.23.2-4.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:50 Updated: forkexecd-1.18.1-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:50 Updated: xen-hypervisor-4.13.5-9.31.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:51 Updated: xen-dom0-libs-4.13.5-9.31.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:57:56 Updated: 2:qemu-4.2.1-220.127.116.11.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:00 Updated: xen-tools-4.13.5-9.31.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:01 Updated: xen-dom0-tools-4.13.5-9.31.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:03 Updated: xenopsd-0.150.14-1.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:03 Updated: xenopsd-cli-0.150.14-1.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:05 Updated: xenopsd-xc-0.150.14-1.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:06 Updated: gpumon-0.18.0-4.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:06 Updated: xcp-rrdd-1.33.2-1.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:08 Updated: rrdd-plugins-1.10.8-5.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:09 Updated: xapi-tests-1.249.28-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:13 Updated: xapi-core-1.249.28-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:16 Updated: sm-2.30.8-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:20 Updated: xcp-ng-release-config-8.2.1-9.x86_64 May 29 06:58:21 Updated: xcp-ng-release-8.2.1-9.x86_64 May 29 06:58:22 Updated: 2:microcode_ctl-2.1-26.xs25.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:28 Updated: linux-firmware-20190314-7.1.xcpng8.2.noarch May 29 06:58:33 Updated: xapi-xe-1.249.28-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:34 Updated: varstored-guard-0.6.2-2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:35 Updated: xcp-networkd-0.56.2-2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 May 29 06:58:36 Updated: sm-rawhba-2.30.8-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:40 Updated: xen-libs-4.13.5-9.34.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:41 Updated: xen-hypervisor-4.13.5-9.34.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:42 Updated: xen-dom0-libs-4.13.5-9.34.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:42 Updated: xen-tools-4.13.5-9.34.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:44 Updated: xen-dom0-tools-4.13.5-9.34.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 Jul 28 10:10:54 Updated: linux-firmware-20190314-8.1.xcpng8.2.noarch
Yesterday morning at 5:30 to 5:50 I reset the all servers (zenbleed patch), since then i have random reboots on all 4 servers.
server1: 2x AMD EPYC 7282, ASUS Mainboard
reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 10:57 - 13:25 (1+02:27) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 07:33 - 13:25 (1+05:51) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 05:57 - 13:25 (1+07:27) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 05:36 - 13:25 (1+07:48)
serwer2: 2x AMD EPYC 7282, ASUS Mainboard
reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Fri Aug 4 13:07 - 13:25 (00:18) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Fri Aug 4 00:21 - 13:25 (13:04) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 07:51 - 13:25 (1+05:34) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 05:55 - 13:25 (1+07:30)
Server3: 2x AMD EPYC 7282, Supermicro Mainboard
reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Fri Aug 4 13:07 - 13:14 (00:06) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Fri Aug 4 00:21 - 13:14 (12:53) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 07:51 - 13:14 (1+05:23) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 05:55 - 13:14 (1+07:19)
server4: 2x AMD EPYC 7282, Supermicro Mainboard
reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Fri Aug 4 00:33 - 13:26 (12:52) reboot system boot 4.19.0+1 Thu Aug 3 05:46 - 13:26 (1+07:40)
What can I provide you to solve the problem.
Hardware issues ruled out, power supply also OK (2 power supplies, 2 independent outlets).
In /var/crash i have old file
ls -al /var/crash/ -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 67108864 2022-12-28 .sacrificial-space-for-logs
When one server restarted, I catch It and that was a full machine restart POST BIOS.
Thanks for fast reply.
Now for test on serwer3 i downgrade this package:
yum downgrade linux-firmware-20190314-5.1.xcpng8.2.noarch
And I will test stability.
On serwer4 i downgrade all packages to my 27.12.2022 state:
xen-libs-4.13.4-9.28.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 message-switch-1.23.2-3.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 forkexecd-1.18.1-1.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 vhd-tool-0.43.0-4.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 1:xs-openssl-libs-1.1.1k-6.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xen-hypervisor-4.13.4-9.28.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xen-dom0-libs-4.13.4-9.28.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 2:qemu-4.2.1-18.104.22.168.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xen-tools-4.13.4-9.28.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 edk2-20180522git4b8552d-1.4.6.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xen-dom0-tools-4.13.4-9.28.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xenopsd-0.150.12-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xenopsd-xc-0.150.12-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xenopsd-cli-0.150.12-1.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xcp-rrdd-1.33.0-6.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 squeezed-0.27.0-5.xcpng8.2.x86_64 rrdd-plugins-1.10.8-5.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 gpumon-0.18.0-4.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xapi-tests-1.249.26-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 blktap-3.37.4-1.0.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xapi-core-1.249.26-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 2:microcode_ctl-2.1-26.xs23.xcpng8.2.x86_64 sm-rawhba-2.30.7-1.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 rrd2csv-1.2.5-7.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 kernel-4.19.19-22.214.171.124.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xapi-xe-1.249.26-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xcp-networkd-0.56.2-1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 openvswitch-2.5.3-126.96.36.199.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xapi-storage-script-0.34.1-2.1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 varstored-guard-0.6.2-1.xcpng8.2.x86_64 sm-2.30.7-1.3.xcpng8.2.x86_64 sm-cli-0.23.0-7.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xcp-ng-xapi-plugins-1.7.2-1.xcpng8.2.noarch linux-firmware-20190314-5.xcpng8.2.noarch xapi-nbd-1.11.0-3.2.xcpng8.2.x86_64 xcp-ng-pv-tools-8.2.0-11.xcpng8.2.noarch
Now I will evacuate all VMs from server2 to server3/4 and check the microcode package from xcp-ng-testing repo.
We'll see what comes out when i use
yum update "xen-*" --enablerepo=xcp-ng-testing
Edit: Server3 was restarted at 9PM ;(
Server 4 and update Server2 (xen-... 4.13.5-9.35.1.xcp ng 8.2) still working,
We have released new patches last Friday, double check to be fully up to date and reboot