@Danp As soon as I read that, I thought "I think I've been down this road before." Sure enough. I gave it 2G of RAM and it wouldn't build. I gave it 4G of RAM and I watched using
systat and that final step went to about 52% of RAM usage. It has completed. I routinely run Xen Orchestra on a 1G VM because it's rarely used and it runs fine that way. But building it clearly takes a lot more RAM. I'll update my internal notes. It might be worth it to update the building from source docs to mention having enough RAM.
Thanks for hitting the nail on the head with that advice!