Yeah but it's not the case here, at all. They have absolutely 0 technical knowledge (a task force was created to "judge" the technical aspect, and it was only non-gov experts). So the goal for the gov is to select carefully some project to help with innovation, to: 1. keep startups here 2. create high skilled jobs "locally".
@stormi dd stands for disk dump and does exactly that: Copy a stream of data.
Fio however can be configured for precise workloads and read/write mixes, parallel workloads etc.
So the first thing will only give you streamline benchmarks, what almost nobody cares about.
The second can simulate realworld (VM/database...) workloads, where (controller) Caches and non magnetic storage (Flash, Optane, MRAM...) makes the real difference.
Also use big amount of data, since caches can impact small ones extremely. Don't get me wrong: We need them and they can make huge differences, but as long as your benchmarks fully fit into them, it gives your nonsense/fake results. Also (consumer) SSDs start throttling after some 10 to a very few 100 GB of data written. Their caches fill up and they 'overheat'.
You can spend days on benchmarks and how to do what. 😉